Methodology, Sources and Acknowledgements

We have taken care to collect, capture and cross-reference the information on this website as accurately as possible. It should, however, be recognised that some of the types of information listed change frequently. It is inevitable that some of the information will be incorrect at source or become outdated after publication. We, therefore, take no responsibility for the accuracy of the information contained on this website. Where practical we reference and link to the original source reports.

If you notice any errors or omissions, contact us so that we may correct them.

Sources and Research Method

The information in this directory is compiled from a variety of sources: primarily the annual reports, websites and other public documents of the departments and public entities concerned. The information is then verified by multiple email and telephone surveys. While we go to great efforts to gather complete and accurate information, some departments and entities are more responsive than others, thereby ensuring more accurate information. The information is also cross-referenced and verified against other sources but, especially personnel information, changes frequently and without notice.

Public Entities / State-Owned Entities

The public entities listed on the website do not necessarily constitute a complete list. The 2013 report of the Presidential Review Committee on State-Owned Entities noted that, after a two-year macro-review of all public entities in South Africa, the Committee was unable to produce an exhaustive list of public entities, especially at the provincial and municipal level. We endeavour to include the most relevant entities, focusing on those that are clearly operational, with available documentation, audit results and so forth.

Audit Outcomes

The information regarding audit outcomes is sourced from the Consolidated general report on national and provincial audit outcomes, PFMA, published annually by the Auditor-General South Africa (AGSA). The full reports are available from AGSA’s offices or at

The terminology used is described by AGSA as follows:

Clean audit outcome: The financial statements are free from material misstatements (in other words, a financially unqualified audit opinion) and there are no material findings on reporting on performance objectives or non-compliance with legislation.
Financially unqualified with findings: The financial statements contain no material misstatements. Unless the Auditor-General expresses a clean audit outcome, findings have been raised on either reporting on predetermined objectives or non-compliance with legislation, or both these aspects.
Qualified audit opinion: The financial statements contain material misstatements in specific amounts, or there is insufficient evidence for the Auditor-General to conclude that specific amounts included in the financial statements are not materially misstated.
Adverse audit opinion: The financial statements contain material misstatements that are not confined to specific amounts, or the misstatements represent a substantial portion of the financial statements.
Disclaimer of audit opinion: The auditee provided insufficient evidence in the form of documentation on which to base an audit opinion. The lack of sufficient evidence is not confined to specific amounts, or represents a substantial portion of the information contained in the financial statements.

Financial Information

Financial Information is sourced from the available annual reports of the respective departments and entities. Links to the full annual reports are provided. When referencing the financial information, please take note of the following:

  • All financial values are indicated in the thousands, i.e. a value of R5 234 567 will be shown as R5 235.
  • Zero values are displayed as ’–‘.
  • Values displayed as ’n/a’ indicate the value was not available to us (or is not applicable, as the case may be).

In some instances, the original financial reporting does not match the standardised financial format used by us for displaying like-for-like information. In these cases we have endeavoured to adapt the information to our standardised model or we have left the values as ’n/a’ in our summary. It is recommended that you refer to the original annual report where required.

Photographs of Office Bearers

Photographs of office bearers have either been supplied to us by the department or public entity concerned, or sourced from their official websites or annual reports.

Department: Government Communication and Information System (GCIS)

We acknowledge and thank the Department: Government Communication and Information System for providing invaluable source material and information. We make generous use of various sources published by the GCIS, especially to cross-reference and verify the existence, organisation and structure of departments and public entities.